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Wednesday, 31 December 2008

Objectifying the Pakhtun: The false fantasy of "Operation Lion Heart"; the Taliban and the dubious role of Pakistan Army....

Objectifying the Pakhtun
Wednesday, December 31, 2008
Farhat Taj

Some people on the editorial pages of The News have have fantasies in which they objectify the Pakhtun. It is as if the Pakhtuns do not human needs, constraints and concerns but are objects programmed to behave in line with the fantasies of these people. Two of the people are Admiral (retired) Fasih Bukhari (Dec 15) and Zeenia Satti's article "Dangerous vacuum" (Dec 16).

in "Let's get our act together in South Asia," Mr Bukhari writes that in Afghanistan the coalition forces' "Operation Lion Heart" against Pathan supporters of the Afghan Taliban in NWFP "is an obvious reference to the third Christian Crusade of Richard II of England against Sultan Salahuddin Ayubi: obviously calculated to arouse anger in the highly religious tribesmen."

It is a fantasy that "Operation Lion Heart" will arouse Pakhtun tribesmen's anger. The connotation has nothing to do with the current realities of the Pakhtuns and their history, because the Crusades are not an episode in Pakhtun history. With a literacy rate of 17 percent among men and 3 percent among women in the tribal areas, most tribesmen and -women have little knowledge of the history of far away lands. However, the tribal people do have knowledge of Pakhtun history. For example, many tribal people would know something about the Pakhtun history of resistance to the Muslim Mughal Empire and the British Empire. I asked 411 tribesmen and -women in different places in the tribal areas to tell me how much they know about Richard II. Not a single man or woman knew who he was--including some individuals educated up to the level of MA. Only five people had heard about the Crusades (Salibi Jangey). Three of them had no idea about the geographic and ethnic identity of the peoples who participated in the Crusades. They just said that the Crusades were wars between Muslims and Christian somewhere in the world.

So how can the Americans provoke the "highly religious tribesmen" by naming their operation "Lion Heart"? Rather, the Americans were provoking, if indeed they were, the Arab militants holed up in the tribal areas.

Secondly, not all tribesmen are "highly religious." Pakhtun tribal society is like any other human society. Some individuals are highly religious but others are moderately so. Mostly, Pakhtun men and women live according to their Rewaj (Custom) not religion; religion is an important part of the Rewaj, but not the entire Rewaj.

Ms Satti writes that the Pakistani Taliban "have already benefited from the CIA's drone attacks. After each attack, the incumbents, entrusted with guarding the territorial sovereignty of Pakistan, are seen sitting on their plush sofas, doing effete 'muzammat'--while the Taliban are seen destroying NATO vehicles and firing at the drones. This has endeared them to NWFP residents, despite the Taliban's having caused the attacks, in the first place."

This statement is a wild fantasy when seen through the realities of the people of the NWFP. They are sick and tired of the Taliban. The Taliban have killed innocent people--men, women, children--they have destroyed the educational institutions in the area, devastated businesses and shattered the peace there. The Taliban even exhume and humiliate the dead bodies. The Army, an institution always respected by the people of the NWFP, is losing its prestige in the eyes of the people of the area for being seen as unable or unwilling to crush the Taliban. Despite all this, Ms Satti believes that the Taliban have become the darling of the NWFP people. Which NWFP is the writer talking about? The real NWFP, the federating unit of Pakistan, or some imaginary NWFP in the fantasies of the writer? What is the writer's source of information?

I sent the writer an email on Dec 17 and asked the following questions:

1. For whom does the Taliban's behaviour have an emotive appeal?

2) Could you explain a bit what you mean by "while the Taliban are seen destroying NATO vehicles and firing at the drones. This has endeared them to NWFP residents"?

3) When was the last time you were in the NWFP?

4) Are you from the NWFP or FATA?

The writer never replied to the email. One of my friends also sent her an email asking more or less the same questions. The writer never replied to this friend either. Perhaps the writer did not receive our emails, or perhaps she deliberately chose to ignore them. If we had received a response, we would have had a better idea of the logic behind her statement. Several people of the NWFP with whom I discussed her article expressed strong disagreement. One described it as "bizarre, naive and irresponsible."

I would request both Mr Bukhari and Zeenia Satti to check the bases of their assumptions about the Pakhtun areas against the concrete realities of the area, its people and their history before writing about them. (The News)

The writer is a research fellow at the Centre for Interdisciplinary Gender Research, University of Oslo. Email: bergen34@yahoo.com

Some Comments:

Utmankhel1 Says:
January 1st, 2009 at 5:06 pm

Everyone here from Swat and Peshawar should take up the issue with leadership of ANP at whatever level is possible, to force them ask for UN or NATO help in countering the elements. The residents of these areas will have at least a sense of justice done if some of these bastards are killed so long as their brutalities continue.

Furthermore, in presence of our army we are never gonna see the bastards like Qazi being tried for their role is a pimp of army, unless some powerful force from outside does anything. NATO seems to have the capability.



Utmankhel1 Says:
January 1st, 2009 at 6:44 pm

though what i m writing here seems not more than a mere propaganda, but i have to write them, as sadly thats the reality.

i remember Qazi shouting in a jalsa once,” we pukhtuns are always fighting each other, aint it better we fight hindus in kashmir”, a huge clapping followed with narae-takbeer. i remember a friend of mine in first year FSc joined jihadi training thanks to this pimp.

In school days, we were once invited to watch a movie of brutalities committed against muslims in kashmir and bosnia. This thing was arranged by the fuc..g jamaatees. A number of footages were shown, but the one that stuck in my mind was a BLACK AND WHITE footage of the massacre of Bonsnian muslims in the 90s by serbs, in which the corpses of dead were rolled over by road rollers. Now i have found out that the Black and White footage basically was the 1940s massacre of jews by nazis. I know things have been done to muslims but am trying to keep the character of these criminals in proper perspective as they used trues and lies to fuel anti hindu/christian/jews sentiments for their jihads. In short using truths and lies, these JI criminals kept on recruiting who ever they found for their jihads and now we are faced with those jihadists bent on destroying our villages and cities. All these things happened with full support of the (state of pakistan)=army through the pimps of JI and others.

These jihadists are now operating all over the puktunkhwa and FATA and we cannot do anything as the JI/PTI other religious groups and state of pakistan=army won’t let us do anything.

When our own state of pakistan=army is in love affair with the jihadists we have to look around for help somewhereelse, NATO UN comes into mind suddenly.

So Its a simple thing why dont you understand this ?

and for God sake when our own backyard is burning how are we going to look across the seas for smoke rising from another brotherly country called palestine.
similary you being my countrymen; i expect you to first help me in putting out the fire here and then we will together talk about palestine, but if after years of my cries of help are unheared and i become sure of your indifference then i damn care about anything which binds you and me together, whether it’s religion or being units of the same federation.

——-Example of rubbing salt over wounds is the statements of JI about the blasts in Pukhtunkhwa and protests against israel in pukhtunkhwa.

simple, aint it, i can’t write complex, even if i try to !


Anonymous said...

Anonymous said

Two faces of the same coin?
Friday January 02, 2009
The PakTribune

Dear Mr Eschmall Sardar,

Two faces of the same coin - is justified.

I don’t know exactly what the definition/requirements are to be a Pir but my understanding of Samiullah is that he was of Gujar ethnic of village Mandall Dag, Matta district of Swat who stood up to the Taliban as many other people/families did, was described only by the army as a Pir, perhaps to add another dimension to the blood letting of Pakhtuns, was encouraged by the army stationed in Swat to raise a lashkar against the Taliban and as the Pakistani army has done so in the past in Swat to other people/families, let him down.

The Taliban than besieged him for days in his village but the army never showed up to help and finally he was killed.

When the fighting was over the army of Pakistan arrived and started killing innocent/vulnerable people in the villages of Nalkot, Shawer, Roningar ect

The Taliban exhumed his body and hung it in a public place, saying today he is portrayed by the army as a Pir tomorrow people will worship at his grave.

What the Taliban did to Samiullah’s body is yet another heinous crime in their chapter of Swat but what the army is doing in Swat is tantamount to a kick to the face of civilisation.

It appears to me that there are two culprits responsible for the bloodshed of the innocents in Swat, the Pakistan army and the so called Taliban whilst the poor people are caught in the middle.

Leaving aside what the Taliban are up to, what disgusts me is the criminal activities of the Pakistan army who bomb, shell, shoot at villages indiscriminately, deliberately leaving behind destruction, killing innocent people, looting (are some reports of jewellery being taken from women in their houses amongst other abuse), total disregard for life & property with absolute no worry of any accountability/repercussion of state/international law, like an army on a rampage rather than an army restoring law & order, almost like the Serbian army in Bosnia except there, there was some accountability to international law.

How can the Pakhtun people be protected from this Pakistan Army and what's your findings of the situation in Swat.

To crosscheck my views please ask the Army officers, what they did to the people of Bara Bandai on Eid day, why a disable man (by the name of Bacha) from the village of Miakallay was tortured to death, what the Army did to the people of Ghowarego in the middle of the night and why they stole/took jewellery from the women of Koza Bandai ect and under what code of conduct do the Army operate in the lands of the Pakhtuns.

Also ask the Army what happens to the people who complain to the army (of their conduct) for example a physics doctor of village Bara Bandai.
Why was the doctor son of a blind woman (her only child) in the village of Koza Bandai locked up by the army and tortured?

The list of abuse of military powers, abuse/killing of innocent people of Swat by the Pakistan army is endless and is a lot longer than the abuse the Taliban are doing to the people of Swat.

So who is the MOST criminal, the Pakistan Army or the Taliban?

If the Pakistan Army was an Army. like that was of Swat State, this question would not have arisen?

If the elected "party" of NWFP does NOT question the army for NOT doing it's job and in fact criminally abusing it's military power/position than who should?

Are murder, rape, looting done by the army O.K but they are only crimes if done by others?

Are crimes by the Pakistan Army to be ignored, as always?

Why is it that, the Pakistani Army is above the law?

Please, advise me, Mr Eschmall Sardar.


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